Vietnam’s industrial real estate draws investors amid global uncertainty
Trade tensions between the U.S. and China are driving increased real-estate investor interest to Southeast Asian countries.
With no clear end to the economic tussle in sight, piqued interest is likely to continue.
“The current trade tensions have led commentators to believe that Vietnam will benefit as companies look to redirect their supply chains to Southeast Asian countries,” says Khanh Nguyen, Senior Director, Capital Markets, JLL Vietnam.
According to the country’s Ministry of Planning and Investment, disbursement for Foreign Direct Investment was US$9.1 billion in the first half of 2019, up 8 percent from a year earlier. There were 1,723 newly registered projects worth US$7.41 billion, up 63 percent from a year earlier.
Geopolitical uncertainty is only part of the increase in investment. Free trade agreements – such as the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP) and the EU-Vietnam Free Trade Agreement (EVFTA) – are also seen as positives. Meanwhile, demand for consumer goods is unlikely to abate due to the rising middle class and large labour force.
“Much of Vietnam’s strong growth is underpinned by fundamentals such as a young population and a big middle class with increasing domestic consumption,” says Khanh. “The manufacturing industry has been a significant driver of growth this year.”
Industrial and logistics assets in particular are attracted interest as companies look to shift manufacturing away from China to avoid U.S. tariffs. The average price for industrial land in Southern Vietnam is at US$95 per square meter per lease term, up 15.8 percent from a year ago, according to a JLL report.
“Investors are actively looking into joint ventures with local industrial developers, or the acquisition of land bank and operating assets,” says Khanh. . “There has always been a strong demand for industrial spaces as companies have long been attracted to Vietnam’s high productivity and low labour costs. But the U.S.-China trade tension has accelerated the urgency for businesses to relocate.”
Sharp has announced plans to build a new plant in Vietnam, while American shoe company Brooks Running is moving its production from China to its southern neighbour.
Apple supplier Foxconn has expanded its presence in Vietnam, acquiring a local component manufacturer in July after getting the rights to use a factory in February. Even Chinese manufacturers are considering Vietnam – nearly 70 percent of 33 Chinese companies surveyed which are looking to expand overseas are choosing Vietnam as a base, according to research from Nikkei Asian Review.
But manufacturers who moved to Vietnam have groused about the pains of finding enough skilled workers and an adequate and sophisticated enough supply chain that manufacturers are used to in China. Khanh also cautions that infrastructure could struggle to keep up as more manufacturing business gets diverted to Vietnam.
“Many infrastructure projects in Vietnam face delays due to land compensation and funding. To attract more foreign investment, reap the benefits of companies moving here and stay ahead of the curve, Vietnam would need to improve its infrastructure network and the process of cross border trading,” she says.